Use of Valid Actuarial Assessments of Risk and Needs

References/Endnotes

Andrews, D.A. 2007. "Principles of Effective Correctional Programs." In L.L. Motiuk and R.C. Serin, eds., Compendium 2000 on Effective Correctional Programming. Ottawa, Canada: Correctional Service of Canada.

Andrews, D. A., Bonta, J., & Wormith, S. J. (2006). "The recent past and near future of risk and/or need assessment." Crime and Delinquency, 52, 7-27.

Andrews, D.A., & Bonta, J. (2010). The psychology of criminal conduct. 5th ed. New Providence, NJ: Matthew Bender & Co.

Andrews, D.A., and J. Bonta (2007). Risk-Need-Responsivity Model for Offender Assessment and Rehabilitation (2007–06). Ottawa, Canada: Public Safety Canada.

Andrews, D.A., and C. Dowden (2007).  "The Risk-Need-Responsivity Model of Assessment in Human Service and Prevention and Corrections: Crime-Prevention Jurisprudence." Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice 49(4):439–64.

Andrews, D.A., C. Dowden, and P. Gendreau (1999).  Clinically Relevant and Psychologically Informed Approaches to Reduced Reoffending: A Meta-Analytic Study of Human Service, Risk, Need, Responsivity, and Other Concerns in Justice Contexts. Unpub­lished manuscript. Ottawa, Canada: Carleton University.

Bogue, B., N. Campbell, M. Carey, E. Clawson, D. Faust, K. Florio, L. Joplin, G. Keiser, B. Wasson, and W. Woodward (2004). Implementing evidence-based practice in community corrections: The principles of effective intervention. Washington, DC: National Institute of Corrections.

Bonta, J. (2007). "Offender Assessment: General Issues and Considerations." In L.L. Motiuk and R.C. Serin (eds.), Compen­dium 2000 on Effective Correctional Programming. Ottawa, Canada: Correctional Service Canada. 

Burgess, E.W. (1928). "Factors determining success or failure on parole." In A.W. Bruce, E.W. Burgess, J. Landesco, & A.J. Harno (Eds.), The workings of the indeterminate sentence law and the parole system in Illinois. Springfield: Illinois Board of Parole, pp. 221-234

Cullen, F. T., & Gendreau, P. (2000). "Assessing correctional rehabilitation: Policy, practice, and prospects." In J. Horney (Ed.), Criminal justice 2000: Vol. 3—Policies, processes, and decisions of the criminal justice system (pp. 109–175). Washington, DC: National Institute of Justice.

Dawes, R. M., D. Faust and P.E. Meehl. (1989) "Clinical Versus Actuarial Judgment" Science 243. pp. 1668-1674

Dowden, C. (1998).  A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Risk, Need and Responsivity Principles and Their Importance Within the Rehabilitation Debate.  Master's thesis, Carleton University.

Durlauf, S.N. and D. S. Nagin. (2011) "Imprisonment and Crime: Can Both Be Reduced?" Criminology and Public Policy. 10(1) pp. 13-54.

Gendreau, P., C. Goggin, and T. Little (1996). Predicting Adult Offender Recidivism: What Works! 1996–07. Ottawa, Canada: Solicitor General of Canada.

Gendreau, P., C. Goggin, F.T. Cullen, and D.Andrews (2001). "The Effects of Community Sanctions and Incarceration on Recidi­vism." In L.L. Motiuk and R.C. Serin (eds.), Compendium 2000 on Effective Correctional Programming: Volume 1. Ottawa, Canada: Correctional Service of Canada.

Kinnevy, S. C. and J. M. Kaplan. (2008) Findings from the APAI International Survey of Releasing Authorities. Philadelphia: Center for Research on Youth and Social Policy, University of Pennsylvania. Available at: http://www.apaintl.org/documents/surveys/2008.pdf

Lipsey, M.W., and F.T. Cullen (2007).  "The Effectiveness of Correctional Rehabilitation: A Review of Systematic Reviews." Annual Review of Law and Social Science 3:297–320.

Lowenkamp, C. T. & Latessa, E. J. (2005). "Increasing the effectiveness of correctional programming through the risk principle: Identifying offenders for residential placement." Criminology and Public Policy, 4(2), 501–528.

Lowenkamp, C. T., Latessa, E. J., & Holsinger, A. M. (2004). "Empirical evidence on the importance of training and experience in using the Level of Service Inventory-Revised." Topics in Community Corrections, 49-53.

Lowenkamp, C. T., & E. J. Latessa. (2004). "Understanding the risk principle: How and why correctional interventions can harm low risk offenders." In Topics in Community Corrections, 2004. Washington, DC: National Institute of Corrections, pp. 3-8.


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