Paroling Authority Self-Assessment Toolkit

Practice Target 6:

Use the parole interview/hearing/review process as an opportunity to, among other goals, enhance offender motivation to change.

Professionals' interactions with offenders can have a positive impact on their behavior and professionals' positive interactions with victims can promote a sense of fairness and satisfaction13 . Furthermore, the use of incentives can be a powerful tool to enhance individual motivation in meeting case plan goals and for promoting positive behavioral change. Positive reinforcers can impact behavior positively14 . Staff demonstrating relationship skills such as respect, empathy, rapport and structuring skills (e.g., modeling pro-social behavior, differentially reinforcing pro-social behavior, and teaching self-management skills) were associated with significant reductions in reoffending15.

Using the assessment scale below, select a response to each question that (in your judgment) best reflects how fully your state and your board currently implement this aspect of the practice target under consideration. After clicking the “submit” button at the end of this section, you can view and print a summary of your responses that you can then use to guide a discussion with your fellow board members.


Does your board:

Articulate clear goals and objectives for parole board interviews/hearings with offenders and victims?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
Articulate clear goals for others who may conduct hearings on their behalf (e.g., hearing officers)?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5

Include in those articulated goals for the parole interviews/hearings:

Enhancing a candidate's motivation to engage in risk reduction programs?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
Clarifying the Board's expectations that medium and high risk offenders participate in risk reduction programming?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant
Progress Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
Clarifying for offenders that parole release is often used to recognize the accomplishments of offenders who participate in programming designed to reduce their assessed risks and criminogenic needs?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
Seek to identify, learn, and use interview techniques that have been shown through research to have the ability to enhance an offender's motivation to change?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
Provide opportunities for board members—in particular new board members—to strengthen their interviewing skills?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
Employ interviewing techniques to develop rapport with the offender during the interview process and communicate that the Board wants and expects them to be successful upon release?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
Use the principles of Motivational Interviewing?
No Progress
Toward Implementation
Some Significant Progress
Toward Implementation
Full Implementation Unknown
1 2 3 4 5
In your judgment, how would you characterize your board’s progress in this area, considering the expectations/characteristics outlined above, and the previous discussion?
In your judgment, how would you rate the IMPORTANCE of bringing this practice target to full implementation in order for you to accomplish your goals as a paroling authority? Why?

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