Introduction

Additional Web-Based Resources

CSG Justice Center – Implications of the Affordable Care Act on People Involved with the Criminal Justice System (2013):

People involved with the criminal justice system experience high rates of communicable and chronic disease, as well as mental health and substance use disorders. However, criminal justice practitioners often have difficulty connecting this largely low-income and uninsured population to necessary health care services.  Beginning in 2014, many of these individuals will gain new access to health insurance as a result of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA).  This webinar features experts from the Center for Health Care Strategies, who provide an overview of the key provisions of the law and provide steps that criminal justice professionals can prepare for the implementation of the applicable ACA provisions.

http://csgjusticecenter.org/mental-health/publications/implications-of-the-affordable- care-act-on-people-involved-with-the-criminal-justice-system/

Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison (2013):

The Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison promote the criminal justice partnerships necessary to develop successful approaches to identify individuals in need of services, determine what services these individuals need, and address these needs during their transition from incarceration to community-based treatment and provision. This resource was developed by SAMHSA's GAINS Center in collaboration with the Council of State Governments Justice Center and with support from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration and the Bureau of Justice Assistance and was written for criminal justice and behavioral health administrators and practitioners.

http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/cms-assets/documents/143496-555803.guidelines-document.pdf

Medicaid and Financing Health Care for Individuals Involved with the Criminal Justice System (2013): 

The appropriate use of federal Medicaid dollars to help expand health care coverage for individuals involved with the criminal justice system presents an opportunity to achieve reductions in state and local spending, while minimizing known health and public safety concerns associated with reentry following incarceration. However, opportunities to maximize and maintain Medicaid enrollment for eligible individuals in this population, and especially to make use of Medicaid to finance certain types of care provided to those who are incarcerated, have been largely underutilized by states. This brief provides an overview of opportunities to expand health care coverage, as well as access to and continuity of care; improve public health and safety outcomes for individuals involved with the criminal justice system; and reduce state and local expenditures on corrections and health care.

http://csgjusticecenter.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/ACA-Medicaid-Expansion-Policy-Brief.pdf

Adults with Behavioral Health Needs Under Correctional Supervision – A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery (2012):

This report provides a practical framework to assist corrections, mental health, and substance abuse policymakers and professionals to work collaboratively at the systems level to prioritize scarce treatment and supervision resources for the large number of adults with mental health and substance use disorders who cycle through the criminal justice system.

http://w.consensusproject.org/jc_publications/adults-with-behavioral-health-needs

Principles of an Effective Criminal Justice Response to the Challenges and Needs of Drug-Involved Individuals (2012):

This conceptual framework from The National Judicial College (NJC) and its partners establishes guidelines for how criminal justice systems can address the needs of individuals with substance use disorders.

http://www.judges.org/pdf/DIO-monograph0113.pdf

A Ten-Step Guide to Transforming Probation Departments to Reduce Recidivism (2011):

This document provides probation leaders with a roadmap to overhaul the operations of their agencies so they can increase public safety in their communities and improve rates of compliance among people they are supervising.

http://csgjusticecenter.org/corrections/publications/ten-step-guide-to-transforming- probation-departments-to-reduce-recidivism/

CSG Justice Center and NASMHPD – Responding to a High-Profile, Tragic Incident Involving a Person with a Serious Mental Illness – A Toolkit for State Mental Health Commissioners (2010):

This toolkit provides information on practical communications and leadership; advice before, during and after an incident; briefings on key topics; and fact sheets; checklists and other resources—with a particular emphasis on what the research shows about the perceived link between mental illness and violence.

http://www.nasmhpd.org/docs/publications/docs/2010/ViolenceToolkit_Bkmk.pdf

http://csgjusticecenter.org/cp/publications/responding-to-a-high-profile-tragic- incident-involving-a-person-with-a-serious-mental-illness/

Bazelon Center - Lifelines - Linking to Federal Benefits for People Exiting Corrections - Blueprint for Action (2009):

Lifelines is a blueprint for action. It lays out a map to help those who are engaged in re-entry initiatives to wend their way through the complexity of federal benefit programs efficiently and effectively. It provides information and recommendations on how to take advantage of federal rules and how to align state and local policies with them so as to create a comprehensive system of services and supports upon release. The blueprint offers a framework to achieve specific goals in a systematic way. If followed, its recommendations will lead to a systematized approach enabling states, localities and correctional facilities to replicate successful programs and prevent wasted effort and avoidable problems. By standardizing aspects that can be standardized, and laying out options for those that cannot, the blueprint enables readers to understand what is needed to accomplish the goal and where problem-solving and adaptation are necessary to accommodate local conditions and unique circumstances.

http://bazelon.org/News-Publications/Publications/List/1/CategoryID/7/Level/a/ProductID/6.aspx?SortField=ProductNumber

Ending an American Tragedy – Addressing the Needs of Justice-Involved People with Mental Illnesses and Co-Occurring Disorders (2009):

The National Leadership Forum on Behavioral Health/Criminal Justice Services (NLF) was established in 2008 to address common barriers to successful diversion and reentry – the lack of accessible, quality and appropriate services that help individuals remain and succeed in the community.  To accomplish its primary goal—to go beyond previous efforts to address diversion and reentry for persons with mental illness and substance use disorders who are justice-involved—this report that identified several methods and strategies for improving current practices in the criminal justice and behavioral health systems, and provided four recommendations for immediate action.

http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/nlf/AmericanTragedy.pdf  

Improving Responses to People with Mental Illnesses: The Essential Elements of Specialized

Probation Initiatives (2009):

This resource identifies ten key components found in successful initiatives to improve outcomes for people with mental illnesses under probation supervision. This first-of-its-kind report provides specific recommendations to probation and mental health policymakers and practitioners for effectively responding to this population's complex treatment and service needs while improving public safety and health.

http://csgjusticecenter.org/cp/publications/improving-responses-to-people-with- mental-illnesses-the-essential-elements-of-specialized-probation-initiatives/

Mental Health Courts – A Guide to Research-Informed Policy and Practice (2009):

Reviews the design and function of mental health courts, outcomes of mental health court participation, and questions and implications for policy and practice. This guide is intended to assist policymakers and practitioners in assessing the utility of mental health courts.

http://csgjusticecenter.org/courts/publications/mental-health-courts-a-guide-to- research-informed-policy-and-practice/

Supervision – A Guide to Research-Informed Policy and Practice (2009):

This guide draws on three different literatures—research on community corrections supervision strategies, mental health treatment strategies, and integrated supervision and treatment strategies to assist corrections and mental health professionals in designing and implementing interventions that are informed by the latest evidence about what works, for whom, and under what circumstances.

http://csgjusticecenter.org/cp/publications/improving-outcomes-for-people-with- mental-illnesses-under-community-corrections-supervision-a-guide-to-research- informed-policy-and-practice/

Screening and Assessment of Co-Occurring Disorders in the Justice System (2008):

This guide provides an overview of the systemic and clinical challenges in screening and assessment of persons with co-occurring disorders involved in the criminal justice system. Screening and assessment practices and instruments are reviewed to help guide administrators, agencies, case managers, and other staff in developing and operating effective programs for justice-involved people with co-occurring disorders.

http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/disorders/ScreeningAndAssessment.pdf

Navigating the Mental Health Maze – A Guide for Court Practitioners (2005):

This guide provides a crash course for any and all criminal justice professionals who are interested in better understanding mental illness and the mental health system.

http://csgjusticecenter.org/courts/publications/navigating-the-mental-health-maze-a- guide-for-court-practitioners-2/

Transferring the Principles of Effective Treatment into a 'Real World' Prison Setting (2005):

The principles of risk, need, and responsivity have been empirically linked to the effectiveness of treatment to reduce reoffending, but the transference of these principles to the inside of prison walls is difficult. Results from a sample of 620 incarcerated male offenders—482 who received either a 5-week, 10-week, or 15-week prison-based treatment program and 138 untreated comparison offenders—found that treatment significantly reduced recidivism. These results indicate that prison-based treatment can be effective in reducing recidivism, that dosage plays a mediating role, and that there may be minimum levels of treatment required to reduce recidivism that is dependent on the level of an offender's risk and need.

http://cjb.sagepub.com/content/32/1/3.full.pdf+html (available with subscription)

A Best Practice Approach to Community Re-Entry from Jails for Inmates with Co-Occurring Disorders (2002):

Almost all inmates with co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders will leave correctional settings and return to the community. Inadequate transition planning puts people with co-occurring disorders who enter jail in a state of crisis back on the streets in the middle of the same crisis. The outcomes of inadequate transition planning include the compromise of public safety, an increased incidence of psychiatric symptoms, relapse to substance abuse, hospitalization, suicide, homelessness, and re-arrest. While there are no outcomes studies to guide evidence-based transition planning practices, there is enough guidance from the multi-site studies of the organization of jail mental health programs to propose a best practice model. This manuscript presents one such model - APIC. The APIC Model is a set of critical elements that, if implemented, are likely to improve outcomes for persons with co-occurring disorders who are released from jail.

http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/reentry/apic.pdf

Gains Center Evidence-Based Practices Fact Sheets (2009-2013)http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/topical_resources/ebps.asp

In the field of mental health, the term evidence-based practices (EBPs) refers to interventions that have been rigorously tested, have yielded consistent, replicable results, and have proven safe, beneficial, and effective for most people diagnosed with mental illness. The GAINS center has turned the results of a series of expert panel meetings into factsheets that address the following:

Assertive Community Treatment (ACT):   http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/ebp/ExtendingAssertiveCommunity.pdf

Supported Employment:
http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/ebp/Supported_Employment.pdf  

Illness Self-Management and Recovery: http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/ebp/IllnessManagement.pdf  

Integrated Treatment for Co-Occurring Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders: http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/ebp/IntegratingMentalHealth.pdf  

Evidence-Based Housing:
http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/ebp/MovingTowardEvidence-BasedHousing.pdf  

Trauma Specific Interventions: http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/ebp/TraumaSpecificInterventions.pdf

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy:
http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/cms- assets/documents/69181-899513.rottercarr2010.pdf

Motivational Interviewing: http://gainscenter.samhsa.gov/pdfs/ebp/Motivational_Interviewing2011.pdf

Resource Organizations

Council of State Governments Justice Center: http://csgjusticecenter.org/

Mental Health America: http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/

National Alliance on Mental Illness: www.nami.org/

National GAINS Center/TAPA Center for Jail Diversion: gainscenter.samhsa.gov/

National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices (NREPP): nrepp.samhsa.gov/

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA): www.samhsa.gov/


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