Use of Valid Actuarial Assessments of Risk and Needs


The following organizations, websites and publications are helpful for obtaining specific guidance.

National Institute of Corrections (NIC) is an agency within the U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Prisons. NIC also provides leadership to influence correctional policies, practices, and operations nationwide in areas of emerging interest and concern to correctional executives and practitioners as well as public policymakers. This is accomplished through the provision training, technical assistance, and policy/program development assistance to federal, state, and local corrections agencies. A key resource, the Robert J. Kutak Memorial Library, houses a specialized collection of corrections-related materials. The focus of the collection is on unpublished, operationally-oriented resources developed by correctional agencies for use by practitioners in the field.

Center for Effective Public Policy (CEPP) manages the National Parole Resource Center, which has developed, among other resources, a series of five papers on parole entitled Parole Essentials: Practical Guides for Parole Leaders that address the specific challenges of paroling authorities. Each paper can be accessed below:

Core Competencies: A Resource for Parole Board Chairs, Members, and Executive Staff

Evidence-Based Policy, Practice, and Decisionmaking: Implications for Paroling Authorities

Paroling Authorities' Strategic Planning and Management for Results

Special Challenges Facing Parole

The Future of Parole as a Key Partner in Assuring Public Safety

Association of Paroling Authorities International (APAI) originated in the early 1970s at the urging of international parole colleagues  with a strong interest in best practices and current issues surrounding conditional release, reentry into the community and public safety. Despite different parole legislation, policies and regulations, members – individuals and organizations from 38 countries – share the fundamental value in the belief of a person's ability to change and the conviction that gradual, supervised reintegration into our communities is an effective protection of public safety.

The Association of State Correctional Administrators (ASCA) has developed standardized definitions of key measures and uniform performance reporting implemented by approximately 26 states.

Pew Center on the States' Public Safety Performance Project, launched in 2006 as a project of the Pew Center on the States with a goals towards helping states advance fiscally sound, data-driven policies and practices in sentencing and corrections that protect public safety, hold offenders accountable, and control corrections costs. The publication referenced in this guide, "Putting Public Safety First: 13 Strategies for Successful Supervision and Reentry," resulted from two meetings with national experts on the topic of parole supervision hosted by Urban Institute in 2007. An excerpt from the full document is available here.

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